The 2012 Delhi gang rape case involved a rape and fatal assault that occurred on 16 December 2012 in Munirka, a neighbourhood in South Delhi. The incident happened when a 23-year-old female physiotherapy intern, was beaten, gang raped, and tortured during a private bus during which she was travelling together with her male friend. there have been six others within the bus, including the driving force , all of whom raped the lady and beat her friend. Eleven days after the assault she was transferred to a hospital in Singapore for emergency treatment but died two days later.[3][4] The incident generated widespread national and international coverage and was widely condemned, both in India and abroad. Subsequently, public protests against the state and central governments for failing to supply adequate security for ladies happened in New Delhi , where thousands of protesters clashed with security forces. Similar protests happened in major cities throughout the country. Since Indian law doesn’t allow the press to publish a rape victim’s name, the victim was widely referred to as Nirbhaya, meaning “fearless”, and her struggle and death became a logo of women’s resistance to rape round the world.[5]

All the accused were arrested and charged with sexual abuse and murder. one among the accused, Ram Singh, died in police custody from possible suicide on 11 March 2013 within the Tihar Jail.[6] consistent with some published reports, the police say Ram Singh hanged himself, but defense lawyers and his family allege he was murdered.[7] the remainder of the accused went unproved during a fast-track court; the prosecution finished presenting its evidence on 8 July 2013.[8] The juvenile was convicted of rape and murder and given the utmost sentence of three years’ imprisonment during a reform facility, as per the Juvenile justice Act 2000.[9] On 10 September 2013, the four remaining adult defendants were found guilty of rape and murder and three days later were sentenced to death by hanging.[10][11][12] within the death reference case and hearing appeals on 13 March 2014, Delhi supreme court upheld the guilty verdict and therefore the death sentences.[13] On 18 December 2019, the Supreme Court of India rejected the ultimate appeals of the condemned perpetrators of the attack.[14] On 7 January 2020, a judge in New Delhi issued death warrants for all four men, scheduling their executions for 7:00 am on 3 March 2020.[15] The authorities alleged that the four adult convicts were “intentionally delaying” and “frustrating” the legal process during this case by filing their pleas piecemeal in order that their execution might be postponed. On 17 January 2020, after the convicts exhausted their mercy pleas, a Delhi court issued a second warrant for the convicts to be hanged on 1 February 2020 at 6 am.